The EU can inflict murderous financial punishment on states who don’t implement rulings of the European Court of Justice. This instrument has never been used to really hurt a member state – but legally, it can. Poland may soon become the first country to feel the pain. The political consequences could be disastrous for all concerned, including the EU itself.
Populism has become a dirty word in politics, although in its original meaning it should be an elementary democratic virtue. What the People (“populus”) want, expect, express, should be part of the political discussion in any democracy.
PhDr. Ladislav Cabada, vice-rector of the Metropolitan University Prague explained us the results of the Czech election to the House of Representatives held on 8 and 9 October. He gave us an overview of the most important campaign issues, described the main parties, elaborated the hardships of government formation, and discussed what the change in government could mean on the Czech EU policies and the Visegrad cooperation.
Bitcoin became legal tender in El Salvador this September. It’s what the faithful had predicted for several years, that not just individuals and businesses, but countries would drink deep of the original cryptocurrency. On the global scale, it matters little, but the legislation in El Salvador is an important test of whether Bitcoin can really function as a ‘remittance’ tool and can be useful on an everyday, going-to-the-corner-shop level.
Is there a firm legal base behind, as many claims, the ideologization of the EU? How did phrases like "European values" or "non-discrimination" become captive to certain ideologies instead of remaining decisive points of unity for the European community?