The renewed swelling of refugee numbers in Europe has also led to a change in attitudes towards accepting refugees and migrants in several countries in Western Europe. According to surveys from last year, two thirds of Dutch people think that the admission of asylum seekers should be stopped. In Belgium, 42% more asylum applications were filed last year than the year before, which has now made the Flemish Interest Party, which has been a strong critic of immigration since its foundation, the most popular party in the country. Criticism is also growing in Germany and even in traditionally pro-immigration Luxembourg, which is one of the strongest supporters of a compulsory distribution mechanism for migrants from Mediterranean countries.

As a founding member of the European Union, Luxembourg has always supported the European Commission's proposals to Council members and has advocated a common European approach to the migration and refugee crisis. How do Luxembourg's migration and integration policies compare and how successful are they? Is the asylum system sustainable in the face of the arrival of Ukrainian protection seekers?

Can the declining public support for the current migration policy lead to a change in migration policy in West European countries like Luxembourg? Have the governments' positions on external border protection and Schengen enlargement changed? These questions are addressed by former Ambassador to Luxembourg Heinrich Kreft who now teaches at a Budapest university.


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